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Flamboyant man-about-town, Oscar Wilde had a reputation that preceded him, especially in his early career. He was born to a middle-class Irish family (his father was a surgeon) and was trained as a scholarship boy at Trinity College, Dublin. He subsequently won a scholarship to Magdalen College, Oxford, where he was heavily influenced by John Ruskin and Walter Pater, whose aestheticism was taken to its radical extreme in Wilde's work. By 1879 he was already known as a wit and a dandy; soon after, in fact, he was satirized in Gilbert and Sullivan's Patience. Largely on the strength of his public persona, Wilde undertook a lecture tour to the United States in 1882, where he saw his play Vera open---unsuccessfully---in New York. His first published volume, Poems, which met with some degree of approbation, appeared at this time. In 1884 he married Constance Lloyd, the daughter of an Irish lawyer, and within two years they had two sons. During this period he wrote, among others, The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891), his only novel, which scandalized many readers and was widely denounced as immoral. Wilde simultaneously dismissed and encouraged such criticism with his statement in the preface, "There is no such thing as a moral or an immoral book. Books are well written or badly written. That is all." In 1891 Wilde published A House of Pomegranates, a collection of fantasy tales, and in 1892 gained commercial and critical success with his play, Lady Windermere's Fan He followed this comedy with A Woman of No Importance (1893), An Ideal Husband (1895), and his most famous play, The Importance of Being Earnest (1895). During this period he also wrote Salome, in French, but was unable to obtain a license for it in England. Performed in Paris in 1896, the play was translated and published in England in 1894 by Lord Alfred Douglas and was illustrated by Aubrey Beardsley. Lord Alfred was the son of the Marquess of Queensbury, who objected to his son's spending so much time with Wilde because of Wilde's flamboyant behavior and homosexual relationships. In 1895, after being publicly insulted by the marquess, Wilde brought an unsuccessful slander suit against the peer. The result of his inability to prove slander was his own trial on charges of sodomy, of which he was found guilty and sentenced to two years of hard labor. During his time in prison, he wrote a scathing rebuke to Lord Alfred, published in 1905 as De Profundis. In it he argues that his conduct was a result of his standing "in symbolic relations to the art and culture" of his time. After his release, Wilde left England for Paris, where he wrote what may be his most famous poem, The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898), drawn from his prison experiences. Among his other notable writing is The Soul of Man under Socialism (1891), which argues for individualism and freedom of artistic expression. There has been a revived interest in Wilde's work; among the best recent volumes are Richard Ellmann's, Oscar Wilde and Regenia Gagnier's Idylls of the Marketplace , two works that vary widely in their critical assumptions and approach to Wilde but that offer rich insights into his complex character. (Bowker Author Biography)
— biografía de El retrato de Dorian Gray
… (más)
El retrato de Dorian Gray 35,077 copias, 584 reseñas
La Importancia de llamarse Ernesto 10,087 copias, 165 reseñas
Obras completas 4,518 copias, 21 reseñas
El fantasma de Canterville 1,976 copias, 66 reseñas
De profundis 1,484 copias, 22 reseñas
Salomé (Autor) 1,434 copias, 25 reseñas
An Ideal Husband 1,255 copias, 31 reseñas
El príncipe feliz y otros cuentos 1,213 copias, 26 reseñas
Cuentos completos 1,140 copias, 13 reseñas
El Abanico De Lady Windermere 983 copias, 29 reseñas
El Gigante Egoista 682 copias, 18 reseñas
La balada de la cárcel de Reading 641 copias, 12 reseñas
De Profundis and Other Writings 617 copias, 7 reseñas
Una mujer sin importancia ; Salomé 588 copias, 13 reseñas
Teleny o El reverso de la medalla (attributed) 446 copias, 7 reseñas
Teatro completo 375 copias, 3 reseñas
The Fairy Tales 337 copias, 3 reseñas
The Wit and Humor of Oscar Wilde 297 copias, 3 reseñas
A House of Pomegranates 290 copias, 7 reseñas
Aforismos 278 copias, 3 reseñas
El Gigante Egoista y Otros Cuentos 248 copias, 5 reseñas
The Plays of Oscar Wilde 235 copias, 2 reseñas
The Collected Oscar Wilde 199 copias, 2 reseñas
Intentions 192 copias, 3 reseñas
El Ruisenor y La Rosa 159 copias, 5 reseñas
Cuentos 152 copias, 3 reseñas
La Decadencia de la mentira 131 copias, 2 reseñas
The Wit of Oscar Wilde 128 copias, 3 reseñas
The Works of Oscar Wilde 118 copias, 1 reseña
Selected Poems (Phoenix Poetry) 111 copias, 1 reseña
Nothing...Except My Genius 106 copias, 1 reseña
The Happy Prince and Other Tales 90 copias, 2 reseñas
The Letters of Oscar Wilde 90 copias, 1 reseña
The Critic as Artist 89 copias, 3 reseñas
Lord Arthur Savile's Crime (Autor) 88 copias, 3 reseñas
The Birthday of the Infanta 82 copias, 1 reseña
Selected Letters of Oscar Wilde 79 copias, 1 reseña
Wilde [1997 film] (Autor) 61 copias, 1 reseña
The Duchess of Padua 56 copias, 2 reseñas
Table Talk 55 copias, 1 reseña
Vera; or, The Nihilists 48 copias, 5 reseñas
Selected Plays 42 copias, 2 reseñas
Cuentos Cortos 40 copias, 1 reseña
The Fisherman and his Soul 39 copias, 3 reseñas
Opere 37 copias
The Star Child 32 copias, 1 reseña
Great Short Works 29 copias, 1 reseña
More Letters 26 copias
The picture of Dorian Gray 26 copias, 2 reseñas
Contes et récits 24 copias, 1 reseña
The Canterville Ghost [1996 TV movie] (Writer) 24 copias, 1 reseña
The Sphinx Without a Secret 24 copias, 1 reseña
Three Plays 23 copias
The Oscar Wilde Collection 21 copias, 1 reseña
Charmides and Other Poems 21 copias, 1 reseña
Plays and Poems 21 copias
Teleny and Camille 20 copias, 2 reseñas
Selected Works 19 copias
The Canterville Ghost [1944 film] (Autor) 19 copias, 1 reseña
Oscariana 19 copias
The Oscar Wilde Collection (Original stories) 19 copias, 1 reseña
Fairy Tales 18 copias
A Florentine Tragedy 17 copias, 3 reseñas
Lady Fuckingham 16 copias, 1 reseña
Racconti 15 copias
Howards End 15 copias
Comedies 15 copias
Cuentos 13 copias
The Sphinx 12 copias, 1 reseña
Poemas en prosa 10 copias
El joven rey 10 copias
Stories & Fairy Tales 9 copias, 2 reseñas
La Sainte Courtisane 9 copias, 3 reseñas
The Harlot's house: a poem 9 copias, 1 reseña
Reviews 9 copias
Shorter Prose Pieces 8 copias, 1 reseña
Miscellanies 7 copias, 2 reseñas
Oscariana 6 copias
I capolavori 5 copias
Letters to the Sphinx 5 copias, 1 reseña
Miscellanies 5 copias
Oscar Wilde The Dover Reader 5 copias, 1 reseña
Selections from Oscar Wilde 4 copias, 2 reseñas
PLAYS 4 copias
Les Pensées 4 copias
Eros kertje 4 copias
Twee balladen 4 copias
El Satiricón (supposed translator, algunas ediciones) 3,128 copias, 27 reseñas
Oscar Wilde (Subject) 1,818 copias, 9 reseñas
The Making of a Poem: A Norton Anthology of Poetic Forms (Contribuidor) 1,116 copias, 9 reseñas
The Classic Fairy Tales [Norton Critical Edition] (Contribuidor) 922 copias, 5 reseñas
The Nation's Favourite Poems (Autor, algunas ediciones) 580 copias, 7 reseñas
Antología de la literatura fantástica (Contribuidor) 525 copias, 11 reseñas
A Treasury of the World's Best Loved Poems (Contribuidor) 476 copias, 4 reseñas
Aguas negras (Contribuidor) 462 copias, 8 reseñas
The Victorian Fairytale Book (Contribuidor) 424 copias, 3 reseñas
Critical Theory Since Plato (Contribuidor, algunas ediciones) 372 copias, 1 reseña
The Oxford Book of Modern Fairy Tales (Contribuidor) 342 copias, 6 reseñas
Eight great comedies (Contribuidor) 333 copias, 2 reseñas
100 Ghastly Little Ghost Stories (Contribuidor) 305 copias, 4 reseñas
Ghosts: A Treasury of Chilling Tales Old & New (Contribuidor) 300 copias, 2 reseñas
Witches & Warlocks: Tales of Black Magic, Old & New (Contribuidor) 256 copias, 5 reseñas
24 Favorite One Act Plays (Contribuidor) 255 copias, 1 reseña
Criticism: Major Statements (Contribuidor) 199 copias
The Golden Treasury of Children's Literature Set (Contribuidor) 190 copias, 3 reseñas
The Penguin Book of Irish Verse (Contribuidor) 178 copias
Late Victorian Gothic Tales (Contribuidor) 171 copias
The Portable Victorian Reader (Contribuidor) 170 copias
The Importance of Being Earnest (Original play) 169 copias, 3 reseñas
Love Letters (Contribuidor) 166 copias, 1 reseña
Masterpieces of the Drama (Contribuidor) 166 copias, 2 reseñas
The Penguin Book of Irish Fiction (Contribuidor) 140 copias
The Big Book of Classic Fantasy (Contribuidor) 122 copias, 3 reseñas
Irish Tales of Terror (Contribuidor) 116 copias, 2 reseñas
The Anarchist Reader (Autor, algunas ediciones) 112 copias
The Mammoth Book of Ghost Stories (Contribuidor) 102 copias
The Standard Book of British and American Verse (Contribuidor) 100 copias, 1 reseña
Sixteen Famous British Plays (Contribuidor) 99 copias, 1 reseña
Thirty Famous One-Act Plays (Contribuidor) 97 copias, 2 reseñas
New Worlds for Old (Contribuidor) 94 copias, 1 reseña
The Dedalus Book of Decadence (Contribuidor) 88 copias, 2 reseñas
Treasury Of Gothic & Supernatural (Contribuidor) 87 copias, 3 reseñas
Oscar Wilde: In Memoriam, De Profundis (Contribuidor) 84 copias, 1 reseña
Chilling Ghost Short Stories (Contribuidor) 82 copias
A Book of Princesses (Contribuidor) 80 copias
The treasury of English short stories (Contribuidor) 79 copias
Decadent Poetry (Contribuidor) 76 copias
Charles Keeping's Book of Classic Ghost Stories (Contribuidor) 74 copias, 1 reseña
Victorian Fairy Tales (Oxford World's Classics) (Contribuidor) 70 copias, 5 reseñas
Contemporary Drama: 15 Plays (Contribuidor) 68 copias, 1 reseña
Dorian Gray [2009 film] (Original story) 67 copias, 1 reseña
The Folio Book of Comic Short Stories (Contribuidor) 66 copias, 1 reseña
Selected Stories from the 19th Century (Contribuidor) 65 copias, 1 reseña
The Importance of Being Earnest [1952 film] (Original play) 65 copias, 2 reseñas
Easter Stories: Classic Tales for the Holy Season (Contribuidor) 65 copias, 11 reseñas
The Mammoth Book of Fairy Tales (Contribuidor) 60 copias
Great Classic Stories: 22 Unabridged Classics (Autor, algunas ediciones) 46 copias, 3 reseñas
Victorian Love Stories: An Oxford Anthology (Contribuidor) 46 copias, 1 reseña
The Second Dedalus Book of Decadence the Black Feast (Contribuidor) 44 copias, 3 reseñas
Great Tales of Terror (Contribuidor) 43 copias
A Century of Humour (Contribuidor) 42 copias
Fairy Tales of Oscar Wilde, Vol. 5: The Happy Prince (Contribuidor) 38 copias, 1 reseña
Poetry of Witness: The Tradition in English, 1500-2001 (Contribuidor) 35 copias, 1 reseña
The Picture of Dorian Gray [1945 film] (Original novel) 35 copias, 1 reseña
The Vintage Book of Classic Crime (Contribuidor) 31 copias
Stories To Get You Through The Night (Contribuidor) 29 copias
Witches, Witches, Witches (Contribuidor) 29 copias
Irish Ghost Stories (Contribuidor) 28 copias, 1 reseña
Salome [libretto] (Librettist, algunas ediciones) 25 copias
A Book of Old Ballads (Contribuidor) 25 copias
A Book of Princes (Contribuidor) 23 copias, 1 reseña
Graphic Classics: Oscar Wilde (Autor) 21 copias, 2 reseñas
The Big Book of Victorian Mysteries (Contribuidor) 19 copias, 2 reseñas
Cuentos de amor victorianos (Contribuidor) 18 copias
Twelve Classic One-Act Plays (Contribuidor) 15 copias
Specter! A Chrestomathy of Spookery (Contribuidor) 14 copias
All verdens fortellere (Autor, algunas ediciones) 14 copias, 1 reseña
Dark Holidays: A Collection of Ghost Stories (Contribuidor) 13 copias, 1 reseña
Dare to be Different (Contribuidor) 13 copias
The chameleon (Contribuidor) 10 copias
A Little Night Reading (Autor) 9 copias, 1 reseña
Love Stories (Contribuidor) 9 copias
The Star Child: A Fairy Tale (Original Author) 8 copias, 1 reseña
A Treasury of Great Short Stories (Contribuidor) 7 copias
The Moth and Other Stories (Contribuidor) 6 copias, 1 reseña
Kipling and the Critics (Contribuidor) 6 copias
Fear! Fear! Fear! (Contribuidor) 6 copias
Jabberwocky 3 (Contribuidor) 5 copias
The Selfish Giant [2013 film] (Original book) 4 copias
Six Short Stories (Contribuidor) 4 copias
La poesia inglesa (Contribuidor) 4 copias, 1 reseña
Lady Windermere's Fan [1925 film] (Original book) 3 copias, 1 reseña
Immortal Stories (Contribuidor) 3 copias
Best Crime Stories (Contribuidor) 3 copias
Tredive mesterfortællinger (Autor, algunas ediciones) 3 copias, 1 reseña
An Ideal Husband [1999 film] (Original play) 2 copias
Wakacje Wśród Duchów (Contribuidor) 1 copia
The Fan [1949 film] (Original story) 1 copia
An Ideal Husband [1947 film] (Original play) 1 copia
Fantastyczne Opowieści (Contribuidor) 1 copia
Cuentos Requeridos 1 (Contribuidor) 1 copia

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Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 1854 – 30 November 1900) was an Irish poet and playwright. After writing in different forms throughout the 1880s, the early 1890s saw him become one of the most popular playwrights in London. He is best remembered for his epigrams, plays, and his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray.

Wilde's parents were Anglo-Irish intellectuals in Dublin. A young Wilde learned to speak fluent French and German. At university, Wilde read Greats; he demonstrated himself to be an exceptional classicist, first at Trinity College Dublin, then at Oxford. He became associated with the emerging philosophy of aestheticism, led by two of his tutors, Walter Pater and John Ruskin. After university, Wilde moved to London into fashionable cultural and social circles.

As a spokesman for aestheticism, he tried his hand at various literary activities: he published a book of poems, lectured in the United States and Canada on the new "English Renaissance in Art" and interior decoration, and then returned to London where he worked prolifically as a journalist. Known for his biting wit, flamboyant dress and glittering conversational skill, Wilde became one of the best-known personalities of his day. At the turn of the 1890s, he refined his ideas about the supremacy of art in a series of dialogues and essays, and incorporated themes of decadence, duplicity, and beauty into what would be his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890). The opportunity to construct aesthetic details precisely, and combine them with larger social themes, drew Wilde to write drama. He wrote Salome (1891) in French while in Paris but it was refused a licence for England due to an absolute prohibition on the portrayal of Biblical subjects on the English stage. Unperturbed, Wilde produced four society comedies in the early 1890s, which made him one of the most successful playwrights of late-Victorian London.

At the height of his fame and success, while The Importance of Being Earnest (1895) was still being performed in London, Wilde prosecuted the Marquess of Queensberry for criminal libel. The Marquess was the father of Wilde's lover, Lord Alfred Douglas. The libel trial unearthed evidence that caused Wilde to drop his charges and led to his own arrest and trial for gross indecency with men. After two more trials he was convicted and sentenced to two years' hard labour, the maximum penalty, and was jailed from 1895 to 1897. During his last year in prison, he wrote De Profundis (published posthumously in 1905), a long letter which discusses his spiritual journey through his trials, forming a dark counterpoint to his earlier philosophy of pleasure. On his release, he left immediately for France, never to return to Ireland or Britain. There he wrote his last work, The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898), a long poem commemorating the harsh rhythms of prison life.
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