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Foto del autor. Etching of Joseph O. Eaton's portrait of Herman Melville Published c. 1944, painting created before 1891

Etching of Joseph O. Eaton's portrait of Herman Melville Published c. 1944, painting created before 1891

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Herman Melville (August 1, 1819 - September 28, 1891) was born into a seemingly secure, prosperous world, a descendant of prominent Dutch and English families long established in New York State. That security vanished when first, the family business failed, and then, two years later, in young Melville's thirteenth year, his father died. Without enough money to gain the formal education that professions required, Melville was thrown on his own resources and in 1841 sailed off on a whaling ship bound for the South Seas. His experiences at sea during the next four years were to form in part the basis of his best fiction. Melville's first two books, Typee (1846) and Omoo (1847), were partly romance and partly autobiographical travel books set in the South Seas. Both were popular successes, particularly Typee, which included a stay among cannibals and a romance with a South Sea maiden. During the next several years, Melville published three more romances that drew upon his experiences at sea: Redburn (1849) and White-Jacket (1850), both fairly realistic accounts of the sailor's life and depicting the loss of innocence of central characters; and Mardi (1849), which, like the other two books, began as a romance of adventure but turned into an allegorical critique of contemporary American civilization. Moby Dick (1851) also began as an adventure story, based on Melville's experiences aboard the whaling ship. However, in the writing of it inspired in part by conversations with his friend and neighbor Hawthorne and partly by his own irrepressible imagination and reading of Shakespeare and other Renaissance dramatists Melville turned the book into something so strange that, when it appeared in print, many of his readers and critics were dumbfounded, even outraged. By the mid-1850s, Melville's literary reputation was all but destroyed, and he was obliged to live the rest of his life taking whatever jobs he could find and borrowing money from relatives, who fortunately were always in a position to help him. He continued to write, however, and published some marvelous short fiction pieces Benito Cereno" (1855) and "Bartleby, the Scrivener" (1853) are the best. He also published several volumes of poetry, the most important of which was Battle Pieces and Aspects of the War (1866), poems of occasionally great power that were written in response to the moral challenge of the Civil War. His posthumously published work, Billy Budd (1924), on which he worked up until the time of his death, became Melville's last significant literary work, a brilliant short novel that movingly describes a young sailor's imprisonment and death. Melville's reputation, however, rests most solidly on his great epic romance, Moby Dick. It is a difficult as well as a brilliant book, and many critics have offered interpretations of its complicated ambiguous symbolism. Darrel Abel briefly summed up Moby Dick as "the story of an attempt to search the unsearchable ways of God," although the book has historical, political, and moral implications as well. Melville died at his home in New York City early on the morning of September 28, 1891, at age 72. The doctor listed "cardiac dilation" on the death certificate. He was interred in the Woodlawn Cemetery in The Bronx, New York, along with his wife, Elizabeth Shaw Melville. (Bowker Author Biography) — biografía de Moby Dick… (más)
Moby Dick 34,067 copias, 520 reseñas
Bartleby, el escribiente 2,741 copias, 95 reseñas
Billy Budd, marinero 2,538 copias, 49 reseñas
Typee: A Peep at Polynesian Life 2,094 copias, 38 reseñas
Billy Budd and Other Stories 1,952 copias, 14 reseñas
Moby-Dick [Norton Critical Edition] 1,209 copias, 8 reseñas
The Confidence-Man: His Masquerade 1,167 copias, 13 reseñas
Billy Budd and Other Tales 938 copias, 11 reseñas
Bartleby / Benito Cereno 911 copias, 10 reseñas
Pierre; or, The Ambiguities 727 copias, 4 reseñas
Redburn / White-Jacket / Moby Dick 689 copias, 8 reseñas
Benito Cereno 658 copias, 25 reseñas
Melville: Typee, Omoo, Mardi 612 copias, 5 reseñas
Chaqueta Blanca 587 copias, 5 reseñas
Graphic Classics: Moby Dick 547 copias, 14 reseñas
Omoo 479 copias, 8 reseñas
Benito Cereno ; Billy Budd, marinero (Autor) 255 copias, 3 reseñas
Mardi and a voyage thither 228 copias, 5 reseñas
The Piazza Tales 195 copias, 5 reseñas
The Shorter Novels of Herman Melville (Autor) 162 copias, 1 reseña
The Portable Melville 151 copias, 1 reseña
Tales, Poems, and Other Writings 139 copias, 1 reseña
Four Short Novels 139 copias, 3 reseñas
The Maldive Shark 134 copias, 5 reseñas
Moby Dick II 106 copias
Las encantadas 106 copias, 1 reseña
Moby Dick 91 copias
Moby Dick, Billy Budd 70 copias, 2 reseñas
Moby Dick 61 copias, 4 reseñas
Moby Dick (Graphic Novel) (Source Author) 57 copias, 6 reseñas
I And My Chimney 48 copias, 1 reseña
Moby Dick [Penguin Readers] 39 copias, 8 reseñas
John Marr and Other Poems 25 copias, 1 reseña
Billy Budd [Macmillan Readers] 25 copias, 9 reseñas
21 Essential American Short Stories (Contribuidor) 21 copias, 1 reseña
Moby Dick (Now Age Books) 18 copias, 1 reseña
Three Stories 16 copias, 1 reseña
Short Stories 13 copias
Selected poems 11 copias
Moby Dick 8 copias
Bartleby, el escribiente 8 copias, 2 reseñas
The Bell-Tower 7 copias, 1 reseña
Norfolk Isle & the Chola widow 7 copias, 1 reseña
Viajar 6 copias, 1 reseña
Bartleby, le scribe (Autor) 4 copias
Typee & Omoo 4 copias
Moby Dick 3 copias
Racconti 3 copias
Short Fiction 2 copias
La veranda 2 copias
Bartleby 2 copias
Moby Dick 2 copias
TAIPII 2 copias
Five tales 2 copias
John Marr 2 copias
První plavba 2 copias
The Fiddler 2 copias
Modydick 2 copias
Annales 1 copia
Moby Dick'1 1 copia
Moby Dick 1 copia
MOBY DICK 1 copia
Moby Dick 35/22N 1 copia, 1 reseña
Fives Tales 1 copia
Poésies 1 copia
El timador 1 copia
Ca Voi Trang 1 copia
MOBY DICK 1 1 copia
Moby Dick or 1 copia
Mobi Diḳ 1 copia
MOBY DICK 2 1 copia
Art 1 copia
(all) 1 copia
Short novels 1 copia
Le Campanile 1 copia
Four novels 1 copia, 1 reseña
A bord 1 copia
Contos 1 copia
"Shiloh" 1 copia
Opere scelte 1 copia
Oszust 1 copia
Bartleby 1 copia
Obras 1 copia
Hôtel de la baleine 1 copia, 1 reseña
The Oxford Book of American Short Stories (Contribuidor) 722 copias, 3 reseñas
Great American Short Stories: From Hawthorne to Hemingway (Contribuidor) 555 copias, 2 reseñas
Great American Short Stories (Contribuidor) 482 copias, 2 reseñas
American Gothic Tales (Contribuidor) 434 copias, 5 reseñas
A Pocket Book of Modern Verse (Contribuidor, algunas ediciones) 428 copias, 1 reseña
Fifty Great American Short Stories (Contribuidor) 415 copias, 3 reseñas
Literature: The Human Experience (Contribuidor) 332 copias
Writing New York: A Literary Anthology (Contribuidor) 273 copias, 4 reseñas
Six Great Modern Short Novels (Contribuidor) 270 copias, 2 reseñas
The Treasury of American Short Stories (Contribuidor) 262 copias, 1 reseña
The World's Greatest Short Stories (Contribuidor) 255 copias, 1 reseña
The Penguin Book of American Short Stories (Contribuidor) 184 copias, 1 reseña
Great Stories of the Sea & Ships (Contribuidor) 163 copias
American Religious Poems: An Anthology (Contribuidor) 159 copias, 1 reseña
Black Water 2: More Tales of the Fantastic (Contribuidor) 152 copias, 3 reseñas
The Big Book of Classic Fantasy (Contribuidor) 152 copias, 3 reseñas
Short Novels of the Masters (Contribuidor) 149 copias, 1 reseña
Life in the Iron Mills [Bedford Cultural Editions] (Contribuidor) 139 copias, 2 reseñas
An Anthology of Famous American Stories (Contribuidor) 130 copias, 1 reseña
Stories of the Sea (Contribuidor) 129 copias, 3 reseñas
A Comprehensive Anthology of American Poetry (Contribuidor) 124 copias, 2 reseñas
The Frankenstein Omnibus (Contribuidor) 102 copias, 2 reseñas
Poets of the Civil War (Contribuidor) 93 copias, 1 reseña
American Fantastic Tales: Boxed Set (Contribuidor) 91 copias, 2 reseñas
American Short Stories (Contribuidor, algunas ediciones) 90 copias
A Treasury of Civil War Stories (Contribuidor) 72 copias
200 Years of Great American Short Stories (Contribuidor) 64 copias, 1 reseña
Seven Short Novel Masterpieces (Contribuidor) 60 copias
The Oxford Book of Sea Stories (Contribuidor) 50 copias, 1 reseña
Moby Dick [1998 TV mini-series] 47 copias, 1 reseña
Horror Stories: Classic Tales from Hoffmann to Hodgson (Contribuidor) 43 copias, 1 reseña
In Dreams Awake (Contribuidor) 40 copias
Marvel Illustrated: Moby Dick (Contribuidor) 39 copias
Poetry of Witness: The Tradition in English, 1500-2001 (Contribuidor) 38 copias, 1 reseña
The Book of the Sea (Contribuidor) 36 copias
Mysterious Sea Stories (Contribuidor) 30 copias
The Best Crime Stories Ever Told (Contribuidor) 30 copias, 1 reseña
Beau Travail [1999 film] (Original story) 29 copias
Best South Sea Stories (Contribuidor) 28 copias
American short novels (Contribuidor) 27 copias
Short Stories of the Sea (Contribuidor) 25 copias
American Literature: The Makers and the Making (In Two Volumes) (Contribuidor, algunas ediciones) 25 copias
Eight Short Novels (Contribuidor) 22 copias
The Best Sea Stories (Contribuidor) 21 copias
Billy Budd [1962 film] (Original book) 21 copias
A Treasury of Sea Stories (Contribuidor) 18 copias
The Penguin book of the ocean (Contribuidor) 18 copias
We, Robots (Contribuidor) 17 copias
World's Great Tales of the Sea (Contribuidor) 15 copias
Four great American novels (Contribuidor) 15 copias
Moby Dick [2011 TV mini series] (Original book) 14 copias
Disney Moby Dick, starring Donald Duck (Contribuidor) 13 copias, 1 reseña
Story to Anti-Story (Contribuidor) 13 copias
Melville (Contribuidor) 12 copias
Pola X 7 copias
Come Not, Lucifer! A Romantic Anthology (Contribuidor) 6 copias, 1 reseña
Vijf Amerikaanse novellen (Contribuidor) 5 copias
Valas (Alkuteoksen kirjoittaja) 5 copias
Representative American Short Stories (Contribuidor) 5 copias, 1 reseña
Famous stories of five centuries (Contribuidor) 4 copias
The Wide Sea (Contribuidor) 4 copias
Tyve mesterfortællinger (Contribuidor, algunas ediciones) 4 copias, 1 reseña
Twelve short novels (Contribuidor) 3 copias
Moby Dick [1930 film] (Orginal author) 3 copias
Die edlen Wilden (Contribuidor) 3 copias
Enjoying Stories (Contribuidor) 2 copias
Historier fra de syv have (Autor, algunas ediciones) 2 copias, 1 reseña
Introduction to Fiction (Contribuidor) 1 copia
Famous American Stories (Contribuidor, algunas ediciones) 1 copia
The Undying Past (Contribuidor) 1 copia
Stories of the South Seas (Contribuidor) 1 copia

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Herman Melville, American author, was born in New York City on the 1st of August 1819. He shipped as a cabin-boy at the age of eighteen, thus being enabled to make his first visit to England, and at twenty-two sailed for a long whaling cruise in the Pacific. After a year and a half he deserted his ship at the Marquesas Islands, on account of the cruelty of the captain; was captured by cannibals on the island of Nukahiva, and detained, without hardship, four months; was rescued by the crew of an Australian vessel, which he joined, and two years later reached New York. Thereafter, with the exception of a passenger voyage around the world in 1860, Melville remained in the United States, devoting himself to literature -- though for a considerable period (1866-1885) he held a post in the New York custom-house -- and being perhaps Hawthorne's most intimate friend among the literary men of America. His writings were numerous, but judged of varying merit by his contemporaries; his verse, patriotic and other was forgotten; and his works of fiction and of travel were deemed of irregular execution. Nevertheless, few authors have been enabled so freely to introduce romantic personal experiences into their books. He portrayed seafaring life and character with vigour and originality, and from a personal knowledge equal to that of Cooper, Marryat or Clark Russell. But these records of adventure were followed by other tales that his contemporaries found so turgid, eccentric, opinionative, and loosely written as to seem the work of another author. He died a failed author in New York on the 28th of September 1891. The 20th century's collective reassessment of his work is much more favorable, and he is now classed among the greatest American writers.
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