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Foto del autor. Etching of Joseph O. Eaton's portrait of Herman Melville Published c. 1944, painting created before 1891

Etching of Joseph O. Eaton's portrait of Herman Melville Published c. 1944, painting created before 1891

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Herman Melville (August 1, 1819 - September 28, 1891) was born into a seemingly secure, prosperous world, a descendant of prominent Dutch and English families long established in New York State. That security vanished when first, the family business failed, and then, two years later, in young Melville's thirteenth year, his father died. Without enough money to gain the formal education that professions required, Melville was thrown on his own resources and in 1841 sailed off on a whaling ship bound for the South Seas. His experiences at sea during the next four years were to form in part the basis of his best fiction. Melville's first two books, Typee (1846) and Omoo (1847), were partly romance and partly autobiographical travel books set in the South Seas. Both were popular successes, particularly Typee, which included a stay among cannibals and a romance with a South Sea maiden. During the next several years, Melville published three more romances that drew upon his experiences at sea: Redburn (1849) and White-Jacket (1850), both fairly realistic accounts of the sailor's life and depicting the loss of innocence of central characters; and Mardi (1849), which, like the other two books, began as a romance of adventure but turned into an allegorical critique of contemporary American civilization. Moby Dick (1851) also began as an adventure story, based on Melville's experiences aboard the whaling ship. However, in the writing of it inspired in part by conversations with his friend and neighbor Hawthorne and partly by his own irrepressible imagination and reading of Shakespeare and other Renaissance dramatists Melville turned the book into something so strange that, when it appeared in print, many of his readers and critics were dumbfounded, even outraged. By the mid-1850s, Melville's literary reputation was all but destroyed, and he was obliged to live the rest of his life taking whatever jobs he could find and borrowing money from relatives, who fortunately were always in a position to help him. He continued to write, however, and published some marvelous short fiction pieces Benito Cereno" (1855) and "Bartleby, the Scrivener" (1853) are the best. He also published several volumes of poetry, the most important of which was Battle Pieces and Aspects of the War (1866), poems of occasionally great power that were written in response to the moral challenge of the Civil War. His posthumously published work, Billy Budd (1924), on which he worked up until the time of his death, became Melville's last significant literary work, a brilliant short novel that movingly describes a young sailor's imprisonment and death. Melville's reputation, however, rests most solidly on his great epic romance, Moby Dick. It is a difficult as well as a brilliant book, and many critics have offered interpretations of its complicated ambiguous symbolism. Darrel Abel briefly summed up Moby Dick as "the story of an attempt to search the unsearchable ways of God," although the book has historical, political, and moral implications as well. Melville died at his home in New York City early on the morning of September 28, 1891, at age 72. The doctor listed "cardiac dilation" on the death certificate. He was interred in the Woodlawn Cemetery in The Bronx, New York, along with his wife, Elizabeth Shaw Melville. (Bowker Author Biography)
— biografía de Moby Dick
… (más)
Moby Dick 32,038 copias, 504 reseñas
Bartleby, el escribiente 2,605 copias, 92 reseñas
Billy Budd, marinero 2,421 copias, 50 reseñas
Typee: A Peep at Polynesian Life 2,016 copias, 39 reseñas
Billy Budd and Other Stories (Penguin Classics) (Autor) 1,855 copias, 14 reseñas
Moby-Dick [Norton Critical Edition] 1,165 copias, 8 reseñas
The Confidence-Man: His Masquerade 1,123 copias, 13 reseñas
Billy Budd and Other Tales (Autor) 903 copias, 10 reseñas
Bartleby / Benito Cereno 878 copias, 10 reseñas
Pierre; or, The Ambiguities 684 copias, 5 reseñas
Redburn / White-Jacket / Moby Dick 654 copias, 8 reseñas
Benito Cereno 622 copias, 23 reseñas
Melville: Typee, Omoo, Mardi 591 copias, 5 reseñas
Chaqueta Blanca 572 copias, 5 reseñas
Graphic Classics: Moby Dick 538 copias, 14 reseñas
Omoo 452 copias, 9 reseñas
Benito Cereno ; Billy Budd, marinero (Autor) 236 copias, 3 reseñas
Mardi and a voyage thither 221 copias, 5 reseñas
The Piazza Tales 186 copias, 5 reseñas
The Shorter Novels of Herman Melville (Autor) 159 copias, 1 reseña
The Portable Melville 141 copias, 1 reseña
Four Short Novels 137 copias, 2 reseñas
Tales, Poems, and Other Writings 126 copias, 1 reseña
The Maldive Shark 115 copias, 5 reseñas
Las encantadas 101 copias, 1 reseña
Moby Dick II 98 copias
Moby Dick 88 copias
Moby Dick 69 copias
Moby Dick, Billy Budd 64 copias, 2 reseñas
Moby Dick 56 copias, 4 reseñas
Moby Dick (Source Author) 47 copias, 5 reseñas
I And My Chimney 46 copias, 1 reseña
Selected Poems of Herman Melville 44 copias, 3 reseñas
Marvel Illustrated: Moby Dick (Original from) 38 copias
Moby Dick [Penguin Readers] 37 copias, 8 reseñas
Billy Budd [Macmillan Readers] 25 copias, 9 reseñas
The works of Herman Melville 17 copias, 18 reseñas
Moby Dick (Now Age Books) 17 copias, 1 reseña
Three Stories 16 copias, 1 reseña
Short Stories 12 copias
Selected poems 11 copias
Moby Dick 8 copias
Viajar 6 copias, 1 reseña
The Bell-Tower 6 copias, 1 reseña
Norfolk Isle & the Chola widow 6 copias, 1 reseña
Typee & Omoo 4 copias
Bartleby, le scribe (Autor) 4 copias
Five tales 3 copias
Racconti 3 copias
Moby Dick (13/20) 2 copias, 1 reseña
Short Fiction 2 copias
TAIPII 2 copias
Modydick 2 copias
První plavba 2 copias
The Fiddler 2 copias
Oszust 1 copia
(all) 1 copia
Annales 1 copia
PACHUCHE BET 1 copia
Moby Dick'1 1 copia
Ca Voi Trang 1 copia
Fives Tales 1 copia
La veranda 1 copia
Moby Dick 1 copia
MOBY DICK 1 copia
Moby Dick 35/22N 1 copia, 1 reseña
John Marr 1 copia
Le Campanile 1 copia
Short novels 1 copia
"Shiloh" 1 copia
A bord 1 copia
Contos 1 copia
Opere scelte 1 copia
The Oxford Book of American Short Stories (Contribuidor) 697 copias, 2 reseñas
Great American Short Stories (Contribuidor) 447 copias, 2 reseñas
A Pocket Book of Modern Verse (Contribuidor, algunas ediciones) 418 copias, 1 reseña
American Gothic Tales (Contribuidor) 417 copias, 5 reseñas
Fifty Great American Short Stories (Contribuidor) 393 copias, 4 reseñas
Literature: The Human Experience (Contribuidor) 319 copias
Six Great Modern Short Novels (Contribuidor) 262 copias, 2 reseñas
Writing New York: A Literary Anthology (Contribuidor) 260 copias, 4 reseñas
The Treasury of American Short Stories (Contribuidor) 251 copias, 1 reseña
The World's Greatest Short Stories (Contribuidor) 230 copias, 1 reseña
The Penguin Book of American Short Stories (Contribuidor) 172 copias, 1 reseña
American Religious Poems: An Anthology (Contribuidor) 147 copias, 1 reseña
Short Novels of the Masters (Contribuidor) 143 copias, 1 reseña
Black Water 2: More Tales of the Fantastic (Contribuidor) 142 copias, 3 reseñas
Life in the Iron Mills [Bedford Cultural Editions] (Contribuidor) 130 copias, 2 reseñas
An Anthology of Famous American Stories (Contribuidor) 126 copias, 1 reseña
The Big Book of Classic Fantasy (Contribuidor) 125 copias, 3 reseñas
A Comprehensive Anthology of American Poetry (Contribuidor) 124 copias, 2 reseñas
Stories of the Sea (Contribuidor) 112 copias, 2 reseñas
The Frankenstein Omnibus (Contribuidor) 96 copias, 2 reseñas
American Fantastic Tales: Boxed Set (Contribuidor) 89 copias, 2 reseñas
American Short Stories (Contribuidor, algunas ediciones) 87 copias
Poets of the Civil War (Contribuidor) 86 copias, 1 reseña
A Treasury of Civil War Stories (Contribuidor) 64 copias
Seven Short Novel Masterpieces (Contribuidor) 59 copias
200 Years of Great American Short Stories (Contribuidor) 59 copias, 1 reseña
Moby Dick [1998 TV mini-series] 43 copias, 1 reseña
The Oxford Book of Sea Stories (Contribuidor) 40 copias, 1 reseña
In Dreams Awake (Contribuidor) 39 copias
Horror Stories: Classic Tales from Hoffmann to Hodgson (Contribuidor) 38 copias, 1 reseña
Poetry of Witness: The Tradition in English, 1500-2001 (Contribuidor) 36 copias, 1 reseña
The Book of the Sea (Contribuidor) 35 copias
Mysterious Sea Stories (Contribuidor) 28 copias
Best South Sea Stories (Contribuidor) 26 copias
The Best Crime Stories Ever Told (Contribuidor) 26 copias, 1 reseña
Short Stories of the Sea (Contribuidor) 25 copias
American Literature: The Makers and the Making (In Two Volumes) (Contribuidor, algunas ediciones) 25 copias
Beau Travail [1999 film] (Original story) 25 copias
American short novels (Contribuidor) 25 copias
Eight Short Novels (Contribuidor) 22 copias
The Best Sea Stories (Contribuidor) 19 copias
The Penguin book of the ocean (Contribuidor) 19 copias
A Treasury of Sea Stories (Contribuidor) 18 copias
Four great American novels (Contribuidor) 15 copias
Billy Budd [1962 film] (Original book) 15 copias, 1 reseña
World's Great Tales of the Sea (Contribuidor) 15 copias
Moby Dick [2011 TV mini series] (Original book) 14 copias
We, Robots (Contribuidor) 13 copias
Story to Anti-Story (Contribuidor) 13 copias
Disney Moby Dick, starring Donald Duck (Graphic Novel) (Contribuidor) 12 copias, 2 reseñas
Melville (Contribuidor) 12 copias
Pola X 6 copias
Come Not, Lucifer! A Romantic Anthology (Contribuidor) 6 copias, 1 reseña
Representative American Short Stories (Contribuidor) 5 copias, 1 reseña
Vijf Amerikaanse novellen (Contribuidor) 5 copias
The Wide Sea (Contribuidor) 5 copias
Valas (Alkuteoksen kirjoittaja) 4 copias
Die edlen Wilden (Contribuidor) 3 copias
Twelve short novels (Contribuidor) 3 copias
Famous Stories of Five Centuries (Contribuidor) 3 copias
Tyve mesterfortællinger (Autor, algunas ediciones) 3 copias, 1 reseña
Historier fra de syv have (Autor, algunas ediciones) 2 copias, 1 reseña
Enjoying Stories (Contribuidor) 2 copias
Famous American Stories (Contribuidor, algunas ediciones) 1 copia, 1 reseña
The Undying Past (Contribuidor) 1 copia
Stories of the South Seas (Contribuidor) 1 copia
Introduction to Fiction (Contribuidor) 1 copia

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Herman Melville, American author, was born in New York City on the 1st of August 1819. He shipped as a cabin-boy at the age of eighteen, thus being enabled to make his first visit to England, and at twenty-two sailed for a long whaling cruise in the Pacific. After a year and a half he deserted his ship at the Marquesas Islands, on account of the cruelty of the captain; was captured by cannibals on the island of Nukahiva, and detained, without hardship, four months; was rescued by the crew of an Australian vessel, which he joined, and two years later reached New York. Thereafter, with the exception of a passenger voyage around the world in 1860, Melville remained in the United States, devoting himself to literature -- though for a considerable period (1866-1885) he held a post in the New York custom-house -- and being perhaps Hawthorne's most intimate friend among the literary men of America. His writings were numerous, but judged of varying merit by his contemporaries; his verse, patriotic and other was forgotten; and his works of fiction and of travel were deemed of irregular execution. Nevertheless, few authors have been enabled so freely to introduce romantic personal experiences into their books. He portrayed seafaring life and character with vigour and originality, and from a personal knowledge equal to that of Cooper, Marryat or Clark Russell. But these records of adventure were followed by other tales that his contemporaries found so turgid, eccentric, opinionative, and loosely written as to seem the work of another author. He died a failed author in New York on the 28th of September 1891. The 20th century's collective reassessment of his work is much more favorable, and he is now classed among the greatest American writers.
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