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Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

Autor de Walden

536+ Obras 42,909 Miembros 445 Reseñas 188 Preferidas
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Sobre El Autor

In September 1842, Nathaniel Hawthorne noted this social encounter in his journal: "Mr. Thorow dined with us yesterday. He is a singular character---a young man with much of wild original nature still remaining in him; and so far as he is sophisticated, it is in a way and method of his own. He is mostrar más as ugly as sin, long-nosed, queer-mouthed, and with uncouth and somewhat rustic, although courteous manners, corresponding very well with such an exterior. But his ugliness is of an honest and agreeable fashion, and becomes him much better than beauty. On the whole, I find him a healthy and wholesome man to know." Most responses to Thoreau are as ambiguously respectful as was Hawthorne's. Thoreau was neither an easy person to like nor an easy writer to read. Thoreau described himself as a mystic, a Transcendentalist, and a natural philosopher. He is a writer of essays about nature---not of facts about it but of his ideals and emotions in its presence. His wish to understand nature led him to Walden Pond, where he lived from 1845 to 1847 in a cabin that he built. Though he was an educated man with a Harvard degree, fluent in ancient and modern German, he preferred to study nature by living "a life of simplicity, independence, magnanimity, and trust." Knowing this, we should beware of misreading the book that best reflected this great experience in Thoreau's life: Walden; or, Life in the Woods (1854). It is not a handbook of the simple life. Though there are elements in the book of a "whole-earth catalogue" mentality, to focus on the radical "economic" aspects of Thoreau's work is to miss much in the book. Nor is it an autobiography. The right way to read Walden is as a "transcendental" narrative prose poem, whose hero is a man named Henry, a modern Odysseus in search of a "true America." Thoreau left Walden Pond on September 6, 1846, exactly two years, two months, and two days after he had settled there. As he explained in the pages of Walden: "I left the woods for as good a reason as I went to live there. Perhaps it seemed to me that I had several more lives to live, and could not spare any more time for that one." Growth, change, and development were essential to his character. One should not overlook the significance of his selecting July 4 as the day for taking possession of his residence at Walden Pond, a day that celebrates the establishment of a new government whose highest ideal is individual freedom. In terms of Thoreau's redefinition of the nation-idea, "the only true America" is that place where one may grow wild according to one's nature, where one may "enjoy the land, but own it not." Thoreau believed that each person should live according to individual conscience, willing to oppose the majority if necessary. An early proponent of nonviolent resistance, he was jailed briefly for refusing to pay his poll tax to support the Mexican War and the slave system that had promoted that war. His essay "On Civil Disobedience" (1849), which came from this period of passive resistance, was acknowledged by Mahatma Gandhi (who read it in a South African jail) as the basis for his campaign to free India. Martin Luther King, Jr. later attributed to Thoreau and Gandhi the inspiration for his leadership in the civil rights movement in the United States. Thoreau contracted tuberculosis in 1835 and suffered from it sporadically afterwards. His health declined over three years with brief periods of remission, until he eventually became bedridden. Recognizing the terminal nature of his disease, Thoreau spent his last years revising and editing his unpublished works, particularly The Maine Woods and Excursions, and petitioning publishers to print revised editions of A Week and Walden. He died on May 6, 1862 at age 44. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos

Obras de Henry David Thoreau

Walden (1854) — Autor — 14,096 copias
Desobediencia Civil (1849) 1,583 copias
Walden and Other Writings (1854) 1,485 copias
Caminar (1862) 910 copias
The Portable Thoreau (1947) 853 copias
Cape Cod (1865) 777 copias
The Maine Woods (1950) 764 copias
Walden and other writings (1993) 746 copias
Thoreau: On Man and Nature (1960) 416 copias
Collected Essays and Poems (2001) 352 copias
Walden and Other Writings (1937) 323 copias
The Journal, 1837–1861 (2001) 314 copias
The Natural History Essays (1980) 142 copias
Reflections at Walden (1968) 140 copias
Henry David's House (2002) 134 copias
Walden and Other Writings (1981) 133 copias
Excursions (1863) 131 copias
Works of Henry David Thoreau (1981) 108 copias
Civil Disobedience / Reading (1995) — Autor — 94 copias
Life Without Principle (1863) 72 copias
Wild Apples (1923) 64 copias
Colores de Otoño (1900) 61 copias
Thoreau on Birds (1964) 56 copias
Men of Concord (1936) 53 copias
Walden (1990) 49 copias
Canoeing in the Wilderness (1864) 48 copias
Friendship and Other Essays (1920) 44 copias
Thoughts from Walden Pond (1998) 43 copias
The Illuminated Walden (1714) 40 copias
A Yankee in Canada (1866) 35 copias
Thoreau's animals (2017) 33 copias
Thoreau's Wildflowers (2016) 33 copias
The Quotable Thoreau (2011) 32 copias
Material Faith: Thoreau on Science (1999) — Autor — 31 copias
Thoreau in the Mountains (1982) 31 copias
Thoreau: Political Writings (1996) 26 copias
The River (1963) 25 copias
Un paseo invernal (2014) 24 copias
Thoreau: The Major Essays (1972) 18 copias
Ktaadn (1848) 16 copias
Summer (2017) 16 copias
Essays, journals, and poems (1975) 15 copias
A Year in the Woods (2017) 13 copias
Letters to various persons (1865) 12 copias
Friendship (1900) 11 copias
Slavery in Massachusetts (2008) 9 copias
Walden and Other Writings (2010) 9 copias
The Works of Thoreau (1946) 8 copias
Musketaquid (2014) 8 copias
A Winter Walk (1843) 7 copias
Journal, Volume 3 (1992) 7 copias
Henry David Thoreau Selected Writings (1958) — Autor — 5 copias
Journal, Volume 5 (1997) 5 copias
Lob der Wildnis (2013) 5 copias
Ascoltare gli alberi (2018) 5 copias
Thoreau's New England (2007) 5 copias
Voisins animaux (2020) 4 copias
Journal, Volume 6 (2000) 4 copias
El Diario - Volumen Ii (2017) 4 copias
Poems of Nature 3 copias
Til naturen (2017) 3 copias
Leben aus den Wurzeln. (1992) 3 copias
Poemas (2018) 3 copias
Sept Jours sur le fleuve (2012) 3 copias
Nature and Walking (2011) 3 copias
El gran invierno (2021) 3 copias
Thoreau on writing (1989) 3 copias
Sir Walter Raleigh (2007) 3 copias
Pensées sauvages (2017) 3 copias
Sivil Itaatsizlik (2015) 3 copias
Vida salvaje, La (2016) 2 copias
Journal, 1837-1852 (2002) 2 copias
The New Walden 2 copias
Primavera 2 copias
Histoire de moi-même (2017) 2 copias
An Excursion to Canada (2012) 2 copias
The service (2021) 2 copias
WALDEN And Other Stories (1937) 2 copias
Journal 1844-1846 (2014) 2 copias
Essais (2007) 2 copias
Night and Moonlight (2013) 2 copias
Toulky přírodou (2010) 2 copias
Kolme matkaa erämaahan (2014) 2 copias
Deník (2020) 1 copia
Opere scelte 1 copia
Shoe-strings 1 copia
Yaban Elmasi (2021) 1 copia
POETICAS DEL CAMINAR (2023) 1 copia
Spring 1 copia
Passejades (2000) 1 copia
The Landlord (2015) 1 copia
Sin título 1 copia
Huckleberries (1970) 1 copia
The Writings VI (2016) 1 copia
The Essential Thoreau (2008) 1 copia
The moon (1985) 1 copia
Thoreau's Journals — Autor — 1 copia
Desobeir 1 copia
Walden, Volume 2 (2010) 1 copia
On Land 1 copia
On Water 1 copia
Kring Bellman 1 copia
Yürümek (2013) 1 copia
Las manzanas silvestres (2014) 1 copia
Woodshed 1 copia
Ekonomik Itaatsizlik (2016) 1 copia
Tagebuch III (2018) 1 copia
An Ideal 1 copia
In Praise of Walking (2018) 1 copia
Une Année dans les bois (2017) 1 copia
Les pommes sauvages (2009) 1 copia
Un monde plus large (2021) 1 copia

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Etiquetado

Conocimiento común

Nombre legal
Thoreau, David Henry
Fecha de nacimiento
1817-07-12
Fecha de fallecimiento
1862-05-06
Lugar de sepultura
Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, Concord, Massachusetts, USA
Género
male
Nacionalidad
USA
Lugar de nacimiento
Concord, Massachusetts, USA
Lugar de fallecimiento
Concord, Massachusetts, USA
Lugares de residencia
Concord, Massachusetts, USA
New York, New York, USA
Educación
Harvard College (AB|1837)
Ocupaciones
teacher
writer
essayist
poet
philosopher
inventor (mostrar todos 7)
pencil maker
Relaciones
Emerson, Ralph Waldo (friend)
Alcott, Louisa May (student)
Fuller, Margaret (friend)
Jackson, Lidian (friend)
Organizaciones
Underground Railroad
Huckleberry Party
Transcendentalism
Biografía breve
Henry David Thoreau (July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862) was an American essayist, poet, and philosopher. A leading transcendentalist, he is best known for his book Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay "Civil Disobedience" (originally published as "Resistance to Civil Government"), an argument for disobedience to an unjust state.

Thoreau's books, articles, essays, journals, and poetry amount to more than 20 volumes. Among his lasting contributions are his writings on natural history and philosophy, in which he anticipated the methods and findings of ecology and environmental history, two sources of modern-day environmentalism. His literary style interweaves close observation of nature, personal experience, pointed rhetoric, symbolic meanings, and historical lore, while displaying a poetic sensibility, philosophical austerity, and attention to practical detail. He was also deeply interested in the idea of survival in the face of hostile elements, historical change, and natural decay; at the same time he advocated abandoning waste and illusion in order to discover life's true essential needs.

He was a lifelong abolitionist, delivering lectures that attacked the Fugitive Slave Law while praising the writings of Wendell Phillips and defending the abolitionist John Brown. Thoreau's philosophy of civil disobedience later influenced the political thoughts and actions of such notable figures as Leo Tolstoy, Mahatma Gandhi, and Martin Luther King Jr.

Thoreau is sometimes referred to as an anarchist. Though "Civil Disobedience" seems to call for improving rather than abolishing government—"I ask for, not at once no government, but at once a better government"—the direction of this improvement contrarily points toward anarchism: "'That government is best which governs not at all;' and when men are prepared for it, that will be the kind of government which they will have."

Miembros

Debates

Walden by Henry David Thoreau – STEEL 2022 en Fine Press Forum (marzo 23)
Walden en Book talk (noviembre 2017)
1001 Group Read, June, 2012: Walden en 1001 Books to read before you die (julio 2014)

Reseñas

En 1845 Thoreau abandona la casa familiar de Concord y se instala en la cabaña que ha construido junto a la laguna de Walden. Pero no se marcha a los bosques para «jugar a la vida», sino para «vivirla intensamente de principio a fin». A partir de esa experiencia escribe uno de los clásicos fundamentales del ensayo moderno. Walden es tanto un experimento literario sin precedentes como un manual para la buena vida: un libro escrito contra toda servidumbre y a favor de la felicidad como única riqueza del ser humano. Walden es una defensa de la vida libre y salvaje, así como una crítica feroz de la sociedad y sus imposiciones, que apenas han variado desde aquella fecha. Walden es un cuestionamiento radical y directo de la institución del trabajo como adocenamiento y del mercado como único dios, así como una lúcida defensa de la simplificación de la vida y del camino que nos lleva a perseguir su esencia y sus placeres cotidianos. Walden es una reflexión sobre la necesidad de preservar tanto la naturaleza y el planeta como el meollo de nuestra propia existencia individual e irreductible. Walden habla de lagunas salvajes y hombres sabios, alces y shakespeares, esclavos huidos y trabajadores sonámbulos, las montañas de Nueva Inglaterra y el Bhagavad Gita, la belleza del fuego hogareño y la Gran Nevada, el silbido devastador del ferrocarril y el recóndito ulular del búho, la erudición de los indios Massasoit y la banalidad de los eruditos de Harvard, la belleza absoluta de la soledad y la importancia inconmensurable de la amistad, el bienestar que exhiben las marmotas y el malestar que aqueja a la mayoría de los seres humanos. Según el propio Thoreau, «Walden es un libro escrito para esa mayoría de hombres que está descontenta con su vida y con los tiempos que le ha tocado vivir, pero que podría mejorarlos. Y también para aquéllos en apariencia ricos, pero que en realidad han acumulado cosas inútiles y no saben muy bien qué hacer con ellas».… (más)
 
Denunciada
bibliotecayamaguchi | 188 reseñas más. | Oct 24, 2022 |
A classic essay on experiencing the natural world.
 
Denunciada
Daniel464 | 18 reseñas más. | Jun 23, 2022 |
«Laku baten izena du liburu honek, eta esango nuke gaia ere likido samarra duela: 'bizitza basoetan' izateaz gain –azpititulu hori egileak berak kendu baitzion bigarren edizioan–, eraldaketa prozesu amaigabea ere bada. Gogotik edo kontzientziatik hasten den eraldaketa-ziklo bat: munduan hartzen dugun jarreratik abiatu eta balio berrietan zehar abentura-bidaia eskaintzen digu Waldenek.
Liburu hau 1854ean argitaratzean, bere asmoa ez zuen ezkutatu Henry David Thoreauk, lehenengo orrian jarritako aipuan deklaratu baitzuen ez ziola etsipenari edo abaildurari poema bat idatzi nahi, baizik eta aldaketak eragin, probokatu, 'besterik ez bada auzokoak esnatzeko'. Esperientzia eraldatzaile bat performatu, testuaren egilearena bezainbeste balizko irakurlearena, berea bezain gurea izan litekeena».
Antonio Casado da Rocha, hitzaurrean
… (más)
 
Denunciada
bibliotecayamaguchi | 188 reseñas más. | Dec 7, 2021 |
En 1845 Thoreau abandona la casa familiar de Concord y se instala en la cabaña que ha construido junto a la laguna de Walden. Pero no se marcha a los bosques para «jugar a la vida», sino para «vivirla intensamente de principio a fin». A partir de esa experiencia escribe uno de los clásicos fundamentales del ensayo moderno. Walden es tanto un experimento literario sin precedentes como un manual para la buena vida: un libro escrito contra toda servidumbre y a favor de la felicidad como única riqueza del ser humano. Walden es una defensa de la vida libre y salvaje, así como una crítica feroz de la sociedad y sus imposiciones, que apenas han variado desde aquella fecha. Walden es un cuestionamiento radical y directo de la institución del trabajo como adocenamiento y del mercado como único dios, así como una lúcida defensa de la simplificación de la vida y del camino que nos lleva a perseguir su esencia y sus placeres cotidianos. Walden es una reflexión sobre la necesidad de preservar tanto la naturaleza y el planeta como el meollo de nuestra propia existencia individual e irreductible. Walden habla de lagunas salvajes y hombres sabios, alces y shakespeares, esclavos huidos y trabajadores sonámbulos, las montañas de Nueva Inglaterra y el Bhagavad Gita, la belleza del fuego hogareño y la Gran Nevada, el silbido devastador del ferrocarril y el recóndito ulular del búho, la erudición de los indios Massasoit y la banalidad de los eruditos de Harvard, la belleza absoluta de la soledad y la importancia inconmensurable de la amistad, el bienestar que exhiben las marmotas y el malestar que aqueja a la mayoría de los seres humanos. Según el propio Thoreau, «Walden es un libro escrito para esa mayoría de hombres que está descontenta con su vida y con los tiempos que le ha tocado vivir, pero que podría mejorarlos. Y también para aquéllos en apariencia ricos, pero que en realidad han acumulado cosas inútiles y no saben muy bien qué hacer con ellas».… (más)
 
Denunciada
LaComarca | 188 reseñas más. | May 14, 2021 |

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Estadísticas

Obras
536
También por
63
Miembros
42,909
Popularidad
#396
Valoración
3.9
Reseñas
445
ISBNs
1,939
Idiomas
27
Favorito
188

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