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38,318 (45,849)435390 (3.92)1860
In September 1842, Nathaniel Hawthorne noted this social encounter in his journal: "Mr. Thorow dined with us yesterday. He is a singular character---a young man with much of wild original nature still remaining in him; and so far as he is sophisticated, it is in a way and method of his own. He is as ugly as sin, long-nosed, queer-mouthed, and with uncouth and somewhat rustic, although courteous manners, corresponding very well with such an exterior. But his ugliness is of an honest and agreeable fashion, and becomes him much better than beauty. On the whole, I find him a healthy and wholesome man to know." Most responses to Thoreau are as ambiguously respectful as was Hawthorne's. Thoreau was neither an easy person to like nor an easy writer to read. Thoreau described himself as a mystic, a Transcendentalist, and a natural philosopher. He is a writer of essays about nature---not of facts about it but of his ideals and emotions in its presence. His wish to understand nature led him to Walden Pond, where he lived from 1845 to 1847 in a cabin that he built. Though he was an educated man with a Harvard degree, fluent in ancient and modern German, he preferred to study nature by living "a life of simplicity, independence, magnanimity, and trust." Knowing this, we should beware of misreading the book that best reflected this great experience in Thoreau's life: Walden; or, Life in the Woods (1854). It is not a handbook of the simple life. Though there are elements in the book of a "whole-earth catalogue" mentality, to focus on the radical "economic" aspects of Thoreau's work is to miss much in the book. Nor is it an autobiography. The right way to read Walden is as a "transcendental" narrative prose poem, whose hero is a man named Henry, a modern Odysseus in search of a "true America." Thoreau left Walden Pond on September 6, 1846, exactly two years, two months, and two days after he had settled there. As he explained in the pages of Walden: "I left the woods for as good a reason as I went to live there. Perhaps it seemed to me that I had several more lives to live, and could not spare any more time for that one." Growth, change, and development were essential to his character. One should not overlook the significance of his selecting July 4 as the day for taking possession of his residence at Walden Pond, a day that celebrates the establishment of a new government whose highest ideal is individual freedom. In terms of Thoreau's redefinition of the nation-idea, "the only true America" is that place where one may grow wild according to one's nature, where one may "enjoy the land, but own it not." Thoreau believed that each person should live according to individual conscience, willing to oppose the majority if necessary. An early proponent of nonviolent resistance, he was jailed briefly for refusing to pay his poll tax to support the Mexican War and the slave system that had promoted that war. His essay "On Civil Disobedience" (1849), which came from this period of passive resistance, was acknowledged by Mahatma Gandhi (who read it in a South African jail) as the basis for his campaign to free India. Martin Luther King, Jr. later attributed to Thoreau and Gandhi the inspiration for his leadership in the civil rights movement in the United States. Thoreau contracted tuberculosis in 1835 and suffered from it sporadically afterwards. His health declined over three years with brief periods of remission, until he eventually became bedridden. Recognizing the terminal nature of his disease, Thoreau spent his last years revising and editing his unpublished works, particularly The Maine Woods and Excursions, and petitioning publishers to print revised editions of A Week and Walden. He died on May 6, 1862 at age 44. (Bowker Author Biography)
— biografía de Walden
… (más)
Walden 12,524 copias, 162 reseñas
Walden / Civil Disobedience 6,795 copias, 43 reseñas
Civil Disobedience and Other Essays 1,583 copias, 11 reseñas
Desobediencia Civil (Autor) 1,393 copias, 25 reseñas
Walden and Other Writings 1,356 copias, 9 reseñas
Caminar 780 copias, 17 reseñas
The Portable Thoreau 769 copias, 4 reseñas
Cape Cod 713 copias, 9 reseñas
Walden and other writings 712 copias, 5 reseñas
The Maine Woods 684 copias, 5 reseñas
Walden: A Fully Annotated Edition 565 copias, 7 reseñas
Thoreau: On Man and Nature 371 copias, 1 reseña
Collected Essays and Poems 324 copias, 2 reseñas
Walden and Other Writings 309 copias, 5 reseñas
The Journal, 1837–1861 225 copias, 5 reseñas
Cartas a un buscador de sí mismo 131 copias, 3 reseñas
Henry David's House 116 copias, 2 reseñas
Excursions 114 copias, 2 reseñas
Works of Henry David Thoreau 85 copias, 1 reseña
Life Without Principle 60 copias, 1 reseña
Journal 56 copias, 1 reseña
Wild Apples 54 copias, 1 reseña
Men of Concord 46 copias
Friendship and Other Essays 42 copias, 1 reseña
The Illuminated Walden 36 copias, 1 reseña
Canoeing in the Wilderness 34 copias, 2 reseñas
A Yankee in Canada 28 copias, 1 reseña
Thoreau's animals 28 copias, 2 reseñas
Thoreau's Wildflowers 28 copias, 1 reseña
The River 22 copias
Ktaadn 15 copias
Un paseo invernal 11 copias, 1 reseña
Friendship 11 copias
Summer 10 copias
Autumn 9 copias
Musketaquid 8 copias
Volar : apuntes sobre aves 6 copias, 1 reseña
A Winter Walk 5 copias
Marcher 3 copias, 1 reseña
Marcher 3 copias
American Fields and Forests 3 copias, 1 reseña
Til naturen 2 copias
Essais 2 copias, 1 reseña
The service 2 copias
Translations 2 copias
Poemas 2 copias
Yürümek 1 copia
On Land 1 copia
On Water 1 copia
Walden 1 copia
Opere scelte 1 copia
Spring 1 copia
Desobeir 1 copia
Thoreau's Journals (Autor) 1 copia
Passejades 1 copia
The Landlord 1 copia
Sin título 1 copia
An Ideal 1 copia
The Art of the Personal Essay (Contribuidor) 1,249 copias, 8 reseñas
Essays: English and American (Contribuidor) 547 copias, 1 reseña
The Assassin's Cloak: An Anthology of the World's Greatest Diarists (Contribuidor, algunas ediciones) 507 copias, 8 reseñas
The Rag and Bone Shop of the Heart: A Poetry Anthology (Contribuidor) 354 copias, 3 reseñas
Writing New York: A Literary Anthology (Contribuidor) 255 copias, 4 reseñas
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Volume 1 (Contribuidor, algunas ediciones) 239 copias
The Literary Cat (Contribuidor) 220 copias
The Penguin Book of Homosexual Verse (Contribuidor) 213 copias, 2 reseñas
American Religious Poems: An Anthology (Contribuidor) 140 copias, 1 reseña
A Comprehensive Anthology of American Poetry (Contribuidor) 122 copias, 2 reseñas
The Anarchist Reader (Autor, algunas ediciones) 111 copias
Los anarquistas 1 : La teoría (Contribuidor) 100 copias
The Standard Book of British and American Verse (Contribuidor) 99 copias, 1 reseña
Winter: A Spiritual Biography of the Season (Contribuidor) 96 copias, 2 reseñas
American Sonnets: An Anthology (Contribuidor) 59 copias
Selected Writings of the American Transcendentalists (Contribuidor) 57 copias, 1 reseña
Autumn: A Spiritual Biography of the Season (Contribuidor) 52 copias, 2 reseñas
Range of Philosophy (Contribuidor) 45 copias
The Book of the Sea (Contribuidor) 35 copias
The Signet Book of American Essays (Contribuidor) 32 copias
American Literature: The Makers and the Making (In Two Volumes) (Contribuidor, algunas ediciones) 24 copias
Classic Essays in English (Contribuidor) 22 copias
The Penguin book of the ocean (Contribuidor) 19 copias
Trees: A Celebration (Contribuidor) 12 copias
Favorite Animal Stories (Contribuidor) 11 copias
Christmas Classics: Stories for the Whole Family (Contribuidor) 10 copias, 1 reseña
America's Great Wilderness (Contribuidor) 5 copias
A Reader for Writers (Contribuidor) 2 copias

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Henry David Thoreau (July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862) was an American essayist, poet, and philosopher. A leading transcendentalist, he is best known for his book Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay "Civil Disobedience" (originally published as "Resistance to Civil Government"), an argument for disobedience to an unjust state.

Thoreau's books, articles, essays, journals, and poetry amount to more than 20 volumes. Among his lasting contributions are his writings on natural history and philosophy, in which he anticipated the methods and findings of ecology and environmental history, two sources of modern-day environmentalism. His literary style interweaves close observation of nature, personal experience, pointed rhetoric, symbolic meanings, and historical lore, while displaying a poetic sensibility, philosophical austerity, and attention to practical detail. He was also deeply interested in the idea of survival in the face of hostile elements, historical change, and natural decay; at the same time he advocated abandoning waste and illusion in order to discover life's true essential needs.

He was a lifelong abolitionist, delivering lectures that attacked the Fugitive Slave Law while praising the writings of Wendell Phillips and defending the abolitionist John Brown. Thoreau's philosophy of civil disobedience later influenced the political thoughts and actions of such notable figures as Leo Tolstoy, Mahatma Gandhi, and Martin Luther King Jr.

Thoreau is sometimes referred to as an anarchist. Though "Civil Disobedience" seems to call for improving rather than abolishing government—"I ask for, not at once no government, but at once a better government"—the direction of this improvement contrarily points toward anarchism: "'That government is best which governs not at all;' and when men are prepared for it, that will be the kind of government which they will have."
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