Imagen del autor

Walt Whitman (1819–1892)

Autor de Hojas de hierba

545+ Obras 28,195 Miembros 243 Reseñas 174 Preferidas
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Sobre El Autor

Walt Whitman was born on Long Island and raised in Brooklyn, New York, the son of a carpenter. He left school when he was 11 years old to take a variety of jobs. By the time he was 15, Whitman was living on his own in New York City, working as a printer and writing short pieces for newspapers. He mostrar más spent a few years teaching, but most of his work was either in journalism or politics. Gradually, Whitman became a regular contributor to a variety of Democratic Party newspapers and reviews, and early in his career established a rather eccentric way of life, spending a great deal of time walking the streets, absorbing life and talking with laborers. Extremely fond of the opera, he used his press pass to spend many evenings in the theater. In 1846, Whitman became editor of the Brooklyn Eagle, a leading Democratic newspaper. Two years later, he was fired for opposing the expansion of slavery into the west. Whitman's career as a poet began in 1885, with the publication of the first edition of his poetry collection, Leaves of Grass. The book was self-published (Whitman probably set some of the type himself), and despite his efforts to publicize it - including writing his own reviews - few people read it. One reader who did appreciate it was essayist Ralph Waldo Emerson, who wrote a letter greeting Whitman at "the beginning of a great career." Whitman's poetry was unlike any verse that had ever been seen. Written without rhyme, in long, loose lines, filled with poetic lists and exclamations taken from Whitman's reading of the Bible, Homer, and Asian poets, these poems were totally unlike conventional poetry. Their subject matter, too, was unusual - the celebration of a free-spirited individualist whose love for all things and people seemed at times disturbingly sensual. In 1860, with the publication of the third edition on Leaves of Grass, Whitman alienated conventional thinkers and writers even more. When he went to Boston to meet Emerson, poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, essayist Oliver Wendell Holmes, and poet James Russell Lowell, they all objected to the visit. With the outbreak of the Civil War, Whitman's attentions turned almost exclusively to that conflict. Some of the greatest poetry of his career, including Drum Taps (1865) and his magnificent elegy for President Abraham Lincoln, "When Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd" (1865), was written during this period. In 1862, his brother George was wounded in battle, and Whitman went to Washington to nurse him. He continued as a hospital volunteer throughout the war, nursing other wounded soldiers and acting as a benevolent father-figure and confidant. Parts of his memoir Specimen Days (1882) record this period. After the war, Whitman stayed on in Washington, working as a government clerk and continuing to write. In 1873 he suffered a stroke and retired to Camden, New Jersey, where he lived as an invalid for the rest of his life. Ironically, his reputation began to grow during this period, as the public became more receptive to his poetic and personal eccentricities. Whitman tried to capture the spirit of America in a new poetic form. His poetry is rough, colloquial, sweeping in its vistas - a poetic equivalent of the vast land and its varied peoples. Critic Louis Untermeyer has written, "In spite of Whitman's perplexing mannerisms, the poems justify their boundless contradictions. They shake themselves free from rant and bombastic audacities and rise into the clear air of major poetry. Such poetry is not large but self-assured; it knows, as Whitman asserted, the amplitude of time and laughs at dissolution. It contains continents; it unfolds the new heaven and new earth of the Western world." American poetry has never been the same since Whitman tore it away from its formal and thematic constraints, and he is considered by virtually all critics today to be one of the greatest poets the country has ever produced. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos
Créditos de la imagen: Photo by G. Frank E. Pearsall
Courtesy of the NYPL Digital Gallery
(image use requires permission from the New York Public Library)

Obras de Walt Whitman

Hojas de hierba (1855) 10,448 copias, 84 reseñas
Leaves of Grass (1855 edition) (1855) 2,912 copias, 16 reseñas
Poesía completa (1867) 1,389 copias, 5 reseñas
Whitman: Poetry and Prose (1982) 1,291 copias, 10 reseñas
Poetry for Young People: Walt Whitman (1997) 1,074 copias, 7 reseñas
Leaves of Grass (1891-92 Edition) (1892) 956 copias, 6 reseñas
Canto a mí mismo (1984) 847 copias, 21 reseñas
Selected Poems [ed. Appelbaum] (1991) 530 copias, 2 reseñas
Leaves of Grass and Selected Prose (1949) 382 copias, 1 reseña
Hojas de hierba (1961) 299 copias, 3 reseñas
On the Beach at Night Alone (2015) 214 copias, 7 reseñas
Selected Poems [ed. Washington] (1993) 207 copias, 1 reseña
Días ejemplares de América (1961) 175 copias, 2 reseñas
Poemas (2000) 145 copias
The Essential Whitman (1987) 144 copias
When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer (2004) 121 copias, 10 reseñas
Specimen Days & Collect (1995) 119 copias, 1 reseña
Memoranda During the War (1876) 116 copias, 4 reseñas
Whitman Illuminated: Song of Myself (2014) 108 copias, 2 reseñas
Selected Poems [ed. Bloom] (2003) 106 copias
Drum taps (1865) 98 copias
Selected Poems [ed. Crasnow] (1996) 93 copias, 2 reseñas
Whitman [ed. Fielder] (1959) 88 copias
Leaves of Grass; Selected Poetry and Prose. (1954) 86 copias, 2 reseñas
Leaves of Grass (1860 edition) (1860) 75 copias, 2 reseñas
Three Great American Poets (1996) 73 copias
Hojas de Hierba - Tomo II (1959) 72 copias
The Walt Whitman Reader (1993) 71 copias
The poetry of Walt Whitman (1997) 67 copias
Poetry for Kids: Walt Whitman (2017) 65 copias, 5 reseñas
I Hear America Singing (1966) 52 copias, 3 reseñas
A Choice of Whitman's Verse (1973) 52 copias, 1 reseña
Live Oak, with Moss (2019) 45 copias, 1 reseña
Voyages (1988) 44 copias
Democratic Vistas (1871) 44 copias, 2 reseñas
Laws for Creations (2006) 43 copias
Selected Poems [ed. Lipkin] (2000) 41 copias
The Whitman Reader (1955) 36 copias, 2 reseñas
Leaves of Grass (Everyman) (1993) 32 copias
An American Primer (1986) 25 copias
Walt Whitman 21 copias
Nothing But Miracles (2003) 20 copias, 1 reseña
Walt Whitman: Selected Poems [Sweetwater Press] (2006) — Autor — 19 copias
The works of Walt Whitman (1968) 18 copias
Hojas de hierba- 2018 (2019) 14 copias
American Bard (1982) 11 copias
November Boughs (1889) 11 copias, 3 reseñas
Walt Whitman [ed. Moore] (1987) 10 copias
Whitman (1968) 9 copias, 1 reseña
Overhead the Sun (1969) 8 copias, 1 reseña
Two prefaces 8 copias
The correspondence (2004) 7 copias
Gresstrå 1 (2006) 6 copias
Leaves of Grass a selection of Poems — Autor — 6 copias
Cimen Yapraklari - II (2020) 6 copias
Cimen Yapraklari (2015) 6 copias
Whitman: The Mystic Poets (2004) 5 copias
Whitman the Poet (1964) 5 copias
Digte 5 copias
Poesía completa, Tomo II (1992) 5 copias
A Whitman Portrait (1960) 4 copias
Hymnen für die Erde (1958) 4 copias
Song of the Open Road (1990) 4 copias
Drum-Taps and Memoranda During the War (2011) 4 copias, 2 reseñas
Obras completas. II (2005) 3 copias
Hijos de Adán: Cálamo (1981) 3 copias
The Walt Whitman Megapack (2014) 3 copias
Utvalda dagar (2016) 3 copias
Slang in America 3 copias, 1 reseña
Canti d'addio 3 copias
Complete Writings Vol. 3 (2018) 3 copias
La quercia 3 copias
Sequel to Drum-Taps (1959) 3 copias
La parola del corpo (2000) 3 copias
Leaves of Grass 2 copias
Two Rivulets 2 copias
Rohulehed (2021) 2 copias
Prose Works (2016) 2 copias
Short Stories 2 copias
The Pamphlet Poets (1926) 2 copias
Selected Poems by Whitman (2006) 2 copias
Les fulles d'herba (1983) 2 copias
CALAMO (2017) 1 copia
Visões Democráticas (2012) 1 copia
Two Rivulets 1 copia
Walt Whitman's poetry : a study & a selection (1978) — Autor — 1 copia
Poesía (Edición bilingüe) 1 copia, 1 reseña
FIJE BARI 1 copia
Three Poems 1 copia
diVersi 1 copia
Drum Tabs (2021) 1 copia
Manahatta 1 copia
Paroles du Nouveau Monde (1997) 1 copia, 1 reseña
Habla Walt Whitman (2008) 1 copia
Canti scelti 1 copia
City of Orgies (2012) 1 copia
new york dissected (1972) 1 copia
Eidolons 1 copia
Werke 1 copia
Collected Poetry (2003) 1 copia
Valitut runot (2007) 1 copia
Jag hör Amerika sjunga (2019) 1 copia
Lincoln (2016) 1 copia
Poesías 1 copia
Canto una vita immensa (2009) 1 copia
Kosmos 1 copia
Opere alese 1 copia
Ruohonlehtiä 1 copia
Američke priče (2015) 1 copia
Warble for Lilac-Time (2016) 1 copia

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Etiquetado

Conocimiento común

Nombre canónico
Whitman, Walt
Nombre legal
Whitman, Walter
Otros nombres
Whitman, Walt
Fecha de nacimiento
1819-05-31
Fecha de fallecimiento
1892-03-26
Lugar de sepultura
Harleigh Cemetery, Camden, New Jersey, USA
Género
male
Nacionalidad
USA
País (para mapa)
USA
Lugar de nacimiento
West Hills, Huntington, Long Island, New York, USA
Lugar de fallecimiento
Camden, New Jersey, USA
Causa de fallecimiento
miliary tuberculosis and parenchymatous nephritis
Lugares de residencia
Washington, D.C., USA
Brooklyn, New York, USA
Georgetown, Colorado, USA
Laurel Springs, New Jersey, USA
New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
Educación
self-educated
Ocupaciones
poet
novelist
short-story writer
essayist
editor
teacher (mostrar todos 12)
nurse
typesetter
apprentice printer
convention delegate
journalist
clerk (Bureau of Indian Affairs ∙ U.S. Department of the Interior)
Organizaciones
The Patriot
Long Islander
Long Island Democrat
Brooklyn Eagle
Premios y honores
The Hall of Fame for Great Americans (1930)
Gave Commencement Address at Dartmouth College (1872)
Walt Whitman Bridge
Biografía breve
Walter Whitman Jr. (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist and journalist. A humanist, he was a part of the transition between transcendentalism and realism, incorporating both views in his works. Whitman is among the most influential poets in the American canon, often called the father of free verse. His work was controversial in his time, particularly his 1855 poetry collection Leaves of Grass, which was described as obscene for its overt sensuality.

Born in Huntington on Long Island, Whitman resided in Brooklyn as a child and through much of his career. At the age of 11, he left formal schooling to go to work. Later, Whitman worked as a journalist, a teacher, and a government clerk. Whitman's major poetry collection, Leaves of Grass, was first published in 1855 with his own money and became well known. The work was an attempt at reaching out to the common person with an American epic. He continued expanding and revising it until his death in 1892. During the American Civil War, he went to Washington, D.C. and worked in hospitals caring for the wounded. His poetry often focused on both loss and healing. On the death of Abraham Lincoln, whom Whitman greatly admired, he wrote his well known poems, "O Captain! My Captain!" and "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd", and gave a series of lectures. After a stroke towards the end of his life, Whitman moved to Camden, New Jersey, where his health further declined. When he died at the age of 72, his funeral was a public event.

Whitman's influence on poetry remains strong. Mary Whitall Smith Costelloe argued: "You cannot really understand America without Walt Whitman, without Leaves of Grass ... He has expressed that civilization, 'up to date,' as he would say, and no student of the philosophy of history can do without him." Modernist poet Ezra Pound called Whitman "America's poet ... He is America."

Miembros

Debates

Walt Whitman en Someone explain it to me... (Enero 23)
Arion Press "Leaves of Grass" on ABE en Fine Press Forum (octubre 2022)

Reseñas

¿Quién no recuerda el famoso verso «¡Oh, capitán! ¡Mi capitán!»? Aunque escrito como homenaje póstumo a Abraham Lincoln, este fragmento forma parte la obra cumbre del «viejo hermoso Walt Whitman», que diría García Lorca.Este poemario convirtió a Whitman, «el poeta del cuerpo y el poeta del alma», en uno de los autores estadounidenses más leídos de todos los tiempos.Una obra fresca y fragante como las hojas de hierba que le dan título.
 
Denunciada
mirthasotelo | 83 reseñas más. | Mar 23, 2020 |
Librería 7. Estante 4.
 
Denunciada
atman2019 | 20 reseñas más. | Dec 30, 2019 |
Librería 7. Estante 3.
 
Denunciada
atman2019 | 2 reseñas más. | Dec 30, 2019 |
La poesía no es lo mío, defintivamente. Esta antología de la más famosa obra poética de los Estados Unidos, considerada unánimemente como uno de los mejores libros de poesía de la historia universal me ha gustado mucho, muchísimo. Pero soy incapaz de decir por qué. No sé si es el ritmo hipnótico de los versículos, o la fascinación de las fuerzas de la naturaleza que se evocan constantemente, o la ingenuidad desarmante con que el autor confía en la humanidad, en la igualdad y en la democracia. El caso es que, según el editor, hay multitud de símbolos que no he pillado, imágenes que se me han pasado e intenciones más o menos ocultas que no he visto. No estoy dotado para esto.

Digamos que esta antología está compuesta, fundamentalmente, por el extenso poema titulado "Song of myself", más fragmentos relativamente breves de otras partes de la obra completa. Digamos también que la he leido estrábico, con un ojo en cada página, la del inglés y la del español, y no me ha resultado del todo mal la experiencia.-
… (más)
½
 
Denunciada
caflores | 83 reseñas más. | Jul 11, 2019 |

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Estadísticas

Obras
545
También por
107
Miembros
28,195
Popularidad
#716
Valoración
4.1
Reseñas
243
ISBNs
1,077
Idiomas
24
Favorito
174

Tablas y Gráficos