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Arthur Schopenhauer (1788–1860)

Autor de Essays and Aphorisms

591+ Obras 12,492 Miembros 121 Reseñas 66 Preferidas

Sobre El Autor

Arthur Schopenhauer traveled in childhood throughout Europe and lived for a time in Goethe's Weimar, where his mother had established a salon that attracted many of Europe's leading intellectuals. As a young man, Schopenhauer studied at the University of Gottingen and in Berlin, where he attended mostrar más the lectures of Fichte and Schleiermacher. Schopenhauer's first work was The Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason (1813), followed by a treatise on the physiology of perception, On Vision and Colors (1816). When Schopenhauer wrote his principal work, The World as Will and Idea (1819), he was confident that it was a work of great importance that would soon win him fame, but in this he was badly disappointed. In 1819 he arranged to hold a series of philosophical lectures at the same time as those of the newly arrived professor Hegel, whom Schopenhauer despised (calling him, among other creative epithets, an "intellectual Caliban"). This move resulted only in further humiliation for Schopenhauer, since no one showed up to hear him. Schopenhauer continued to be frustrated in repeated attempts to achieve recognition. In 1839 and 1840 he submitted essays on freedom of the will and the foundation of morality to competitions sponsored by the Royal Danish Academy but he won no prize, even when his essay was the only entry in the competition. In 1844 he published a second volume of The World as Will and Idea, containing developments and commentaries on the first. Around 1850, toward the end of his life, Schopenhauer's philosophy began to receive belated recognition, and he died in the confidence that his long-awaited and deserved fame had finally come. Schopenhauer's philosophy exercised considerable influence in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, not only among academic philosophers but even more among artists and literati. This may be in part because, unlike his German idealist contemporaries, Schopenhauer is a lucid and even witty writer, whose style consciously owes more to Hume than to Kant. Schopenhauer's philosophy is founded on the idea that reality is Will--a single, insatiable, objectless striving that manifests itself in the world of appearance as a vast multiplicity of phenomena, engaged in an endless and painful struggle with one another. He saw the same vision in the texts of Indian religions---Vedanta and Buddhism---which he regarded as vastly superior to Western monotheism. Schopenhauer's theory of the empirical world is an idealism, in which the doctrines of Kant are identified with those of Berkeley. In aesthetic enjoyment Schopenhauer saw a form of knowledge that is higher than ordinary empirical knowledge because it is a disinterested contemplation of the forms or essences of things, rather than a cognition of causal connections between particulars driven by the will's interest in control and domination. True salvation, however, lies in an intuitive insight into the evil of willing, which in its highest manifestations is capable of completely extinguishing the will in a state of nirvana. In his perceptive development of the psychological consequences of his theory, Schopenhauer gives particular emphasis to the way in which our knowledge and behavior are insidiously manipulated by our unconscious volition; this stress, plus the central role he gives to sexuality in his theory of the will, contains much that is found later in Freud (who acknowledged that Schopenhauer had anticipated his theory of repression). Schopenhauer's main influence on twentieth-century philosophy, however, was mediated by Nietzsche, whose theory of the will to power added a poignant twist by committing itself to the affirmation of the will while still conceiving it in essentially the same way---insatiable, painful, predatory, deceptive, and subversive of rational thought---which it had been in Schopenhauer's metaphysical pessimism. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos
Créditos de la imagen: From Wikimedia Commons


Obras de Arthur Schopenhauer

Essays and Aphorisms (1851) 1,265 copias
El mundo como voluntad y representación I (1819) — Autor — 1,213 copias
Aforismos sobre el arte de saber vivir (1851) — Autor — 571 copias
Los dolores del mundo (2004) 508 copias
Fundamento de la moral (1903) 237 copias
El Arte de insultar (1988) 147 copias
The Essential Schopenhauer (1962) 136 copias
Studies in Pessimism (1922) 128 copias
On Women (1931) 97 copias
Essays of Schopenhauer (1902) 90 copias
The Art of Literature (1891) 82 copias
Er is geen vrouw die deugt (1986) 73 copias
De wereld een hel (1981) 59 copias
Métaphysique de l'amour (1901) 54 copias
On Vision and Colors (1994) 42 copias
Kleinere Schriften (1986) 37 copias
Aşkın Metafiziği (1919) 35 copias
Pessimistin elämänviisaus (1964) 33 copias
De wereld deugt niet (1992) 33 copias
The Works of Schopenhauer (1928) 28 copias
Il giudizio degli altri (2004) 25 copias
Kuolema ja kuolematon (1991) 22 copias
Über das Mitleid (2005) 20 copias
Selections (1928) 19 copias
Hayatin Anlami (2007) 17 copias
Journal de voyage (1988) 14 copias
Schopenhauer (1956) 14 copias
Du néant de la vie (2004) 12 copias
Sur la Religion (Monde) (1996) 12 copias
Sulla lettura e sui libri (1914) 12 copias
Metaphysik der Sitten (1985) 11 copias
Schopenhauer (2019) 10 copias
Il mio Oriente (2007) 10 copias
Consigli sulla felicità (2007) 9 copias
Sämmtliche Werke (1900) 9 copias
Colloqui (1995) 9 copias
L'arte di capire le donne (2014) 9 copias
Gesammelte Werke (2007) 9 copias
Parerga y Paralipómena (2002) 8 copias
[Schopenhauer] (2010) 8 copias
Metafisica della natura (1984) 8 copias
Aforismi (2008) 7 copias
Din Uzerine (2009) 7 copias
Libertad, La (1978) 6 copias
Bilmek ve Istemek (2012) 6 copias
O religii (2013) 6 copias
Ethique et politique (1996) 5 copias
Schopenhauer om musikken (1988) 5 copias
ARTE DE PENSAR, EL (2019) 5 copias
Par?bolas y aforismos (2018) 5 copias
Bilim ve Bilgelik (2014) 5 copias
Philosophie et Science (2001) 4 copias
Ölümün anlamı (2013) 4 copias
Escritos literarios (1996) 4 copias
L'amore 3 copias
Varolmanýn Acýsý (2016) 3 copias
Notas sobre Oriente (2011) 3 copias
Lettres (Tome 2) (2017) 3 copias
Pandectae (2016) 3 copias
Werke in zwei Bänden (1977) 3 copias
Das Gesamtwerk (2014) 3 copias
Schopenhauer (1956) 3 copias
El amor y otras pasiones (1997) 3 copias
Arthur Schopenhauer (1987) 3 copias
Metafysika lásky a hudby (1995) 3 copias
Morale e religione (1990) 3 copias
Levenswijsheid 3 copias
Akil Zayifligi (2017) 2 copias
Eudemonologia 2 copias
Correspondance complète (1996) 2 copias
Keshilla per jeten (2003) 2 copias
Kunstidest (2002) 2 copias
L'art de vieillir (2023) 2 copias
Religion: A Dialogue (2019) 2 copias
Sämtliche werke (1986) 2 copias
Hakli Cikma Sanati (2016) 2 copias
Die Wahrheit kann warten (2013) 2 copias
Voyage à Bordeaux (1993) 2 copias
Schopenhauer-Brevier (1938) 2 copias
La dottrina dell'idea (1999) 2 copias
Eudemonologia 2 copias
The Vanity of Existence (2011) 2 copias
Du génie (2010) 2 copias
Works 1 copia
Brevijar 1 copia
O ženama 1 copia
Insan Dogasi Uzerine (2013) 1 copia
El Ocultismo 1 copia
Entretiens (1993) 1 copia
Sex, Death and Genius (1995) 1 copia
Shopenhauer: antología (1989) 1 copia
Etica 1 copia
A sabedoria da vida (2011) 1 copia
O smrti i postojanju (2017) 1 copia
Dogadaki Isteme Üzerine (2021) 1 copia
EUDEMONOLOGIA (2000) 1 copia
O filosofii a filosofech (1999) 1 copia
Sul genio (2013) 1 copia
Estetica e morale (1997) 1 copia
Intelletto e volontà (1959) 1 copia
Breviario 1 copia
Un abécédaire (2004) 1 copia
Anni e errori 1 copia
Livsvisdom 1 copia
Selected Essays (1891) 1 copia
Le Sens du destin (1988) 1 copia
O geniju 1 copia
Livsförelse 1 copia
Shopenhauer 1 copia
Att tänka själv (2006) 1 copia
Merhamet (2007) 1 copia
Ljubov' 1 copia
Maximes et pensées (1998) 1 copia
Philosophie in Briefen (1989) 1 copia
Lettres (Tome 1) (2017) 1 copia
Ceļinieks : aforismi (2006) 1 copia
L'art de ne pas lire (1992) 1 copia
O kráse a umení (2007) 1 copia
Schopenhauer`s Briefe. (1900) 1 copia
101 truths about life (2014) 1 copia
Az alap tételéről (2013) 1 copia
O livre-arbítrio (2012) 1 copia

Obras relacionadas

Oráculo manual y arte de prudencia (1647) — Traductor, algunas ediciones1,878 copias
The European Philosophers from Descartes to Nietzsche (1960) — Contribuidor — 434 copias
Critical Theory Since Plato (1971) — Contribuidor, algunas ediciones397 copias
Western Philosophy: An Anthology (1996) — Autor, algunas ediciones184 copias
Man and Spirit: The Speculative Philosophers (1947) — Contribuidor — 172 copias
German Essays on Music (1994) — Contribuidor — 18 copias
Schopenhauer (1997) — Contribuidor — 1 copia


Conocimiento común

Nombre canónico
Schopenhauer, Arthur
Fecha de nacimiento
1788-02-22 (Danzig)
Fecha de fallecimiento
1860-09-21 (Frankfurt am Main)
Lugar de sepultura
1860-09-26 | Hauptfriedhof | Frankfurt am Main
Lugar de nacimiento
Danzig, Kingdom of Poland
Lugar de fallecimiento
Frankfurt am Main, German Confederation
Causa de fallecimiento
pulmonary-respiratory failure
Lugares de residencia
Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Danzig, Germany (now: Poland)
Hamburg, Germany
Weimar, Germany
Dresden, Germany
Berlin, Germany
University of Göttingen, Germany (philosophy, psychology)
Schopenhauer, Johanna (mother)
Senckenbergische Naturforschende Gesellschaft (Senckenberg Nature Research Society)
Biografía breve
At Schopenhauer har hatt mye å si for vitenskapen eller fagfilosofien er derimot en overdrivelse. Tre store filosofer har mottatt avgjørende impulser av ham : Friedrich Nietzsche, Henri Bergson og Ludwig Wittgenstein, ellers har fagfilosofer stort sett ignorert ham. Men forfattere og kunstnere (og en psykolog) har hele tiden funnet veien til hans verker. Samuel Beckett, Jorge Luis Borges, August Strindberg, Richard Wagner, Thomas Mann, Italo Svevo, Leo Tolstoj, Marcel Proust, Sigmund Freud: alle disse og mange andre kunstnere har lest Schopenhauer og blitt fengslet av hans pessimisme, hans opphøyning av kunst (og særlig musikk) i sitt filosofiske system, hans misogyni, hans prosa som mange har betegnet som noe av den tyske kulturhistoriens fineste. "Talent hits a target no one else can hit; genius hits a target no one else can see." -- Arthur Schopenhauer



En este ameno y breve tratado que lleva por título El arte de tener razón -o, más propiamente, de «salirse uno con la suya» en las discusiones-, Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860) se propone explicar cómo podemos hacer que triunfen nuestras tesis al margen de su falsedad o su inconsistencia. Como explica el preparador del texto, Franco Volpi, en el ensayo que clausura el volumen («Schopenhauer y la dialéctica»), el fundador del pesimismo señala que no es lo mismo la verdad objetiva de una proposición y su aprobación por los que la discuten. Debido a la perversidad natural del ser humano, en las disputas cotidianas no se procura, en efecto, que la verdad salga a la luz, sino que cada contendiente se afana en que se le dé la razón. En este opúsculo Schopenhauer busca, con gran ingenio, asistir a los hombres en tal inclinación.
En este ameno y breve tratado que lleva por título El arte de tener razón -o, más propiamente, de «salirse uno con la suya» en las discusiones-, Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860) se propone explicar cómo podemos hacer que triunfen nuestras tesis al margen de su falsedad o su inconsistencia
… (más)
MAPombo | 17 reseñas más. | Sep 7, 2023 |
Desde 1822, Schopenhauer comenzó a recopilar sentencias, máximas, apotegmas y reglas para vida de pensadores y escritores en un cuaderno especialmente previsto para ello. El resultado final es El arte de ser feliz, una verdadera joya excluida de su legado filosófico al no ser grato buscar consejos sobre la felicidad entre las advertencias de un maestro del pesimismo.
Pero es precisamente a partir de la concepción pesimista de la vida que Schopenhauer nos invita a servirnos del ingenio humano y la prudencia práctica para conseguir la felicidad. En este libro se recogen las cincuenta reglas para la vida que muestran la compatibilidad del pesimismo metafísico con los esfuerzos para llevar una vida feliz. En un entorno laboral donde la apatía, la desilusión, la falta de horizontes o, incluso, la depresión están a la orden del día, una lectura sosegada de estas “reglas” bien merece la pena.… (más)
MigueLoza | 5 reseñas más. | Oct 4, 2021 |
AICRAG | 2 reseñas más. | Mar 30, 2020 |



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