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Albert Camus: A Life

por Olivier Todd

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301572,083 (3.58)1 / 26
El enorme exito que obtuvo El primer hombre (Andanzas 228), de Albert Camus, publicado en Francia nada menos que treinta y cuatro anos despues de la muerte de su autor, ha sido la prueba innegable de que, en opinion de los lectores, este sigue ocupando un lugar predominante en el Olimpo de las letras. Mucho se ha escrito sobre Camus, pero el prestigioso periodista y escritor frances Olivier Todd, que para esta ocasion se ha convertido en historiador e investigador y que se tomo cuatro largos anos revisando in situ toda clase de archivos jamas consultados b"desde Argelia hasta Moscu pasando por la correspondencia hasta ahora bajo secretob," nos demuestra que aun habia mucho que conocer del gran filosofo, novelista y dramaturgo, Premio Nobel de Literatura en 1957, ese B+hombre de la vidaB; , ese B+clasico todavia hoy peligrosoB; , como lo define el propio Todd… (más)
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Mostrando 5 de 5
“Freedom means being able to defend what I don’t agree with, even in a government or a world I approve of. It’s being able to admit your opponent is right.”

Women - “They inspire in us the desire to create masterpieces and prevent us from finishing them”

“The (Liason group) proposes to create communities of men beyond borders, which are united by things other than abstract ties of ideology”

“Only one thing is stupider than absolute pessimism and that is absolute optimism”

Albert Camus kept working notebooks throughout his life as well as being a pamphleteer and a journalist and was always ready with a maxim or aphorism to convey his message. There is much of his work in the public domain and Olivier Todd’s biography uses this material to such an extent that it almost feels, at times, that Camus is telling his story in his own words. As an attempt to get into the creative mind of Camus; I think it works fairly well, my only issue is that Camus wrote almost exclusively in French and I fear that some of what he has said may have been lost in translation.

Olivier Todd does an excellent job of painting a vivid picture of the life and times of his subject. There are excellent chapters on his early life in Algiers. He was born to a poor working class French family and he made his name in the colony as a novelist, playwright and journalist, not moving to Paris until 1940 when he was 27 years old. He had been diagnosed with tuberculosis as a teenager and his health problems, which plagued him all his life prevented him from doing active service in World War II. During the war years he became editor of Combat a journal sympathetic to the resistance movement. The extent of Camus involvement in the resistance is still not clear: he claimed never to have touched a gun, but typically at the end of the war he involved himself in pleas for mercy for collaborators who came up for trial. In Paris he was a powerful figure in the literary world and his allegiances and then enmity with Sartre and many of the left wing intellectuals is well documented. Camus led a busy life at one time he was editor in chief of Combat, a reader with the publishing firm Gallimard and desperately trying to find time for his own writing, His love life was complicated and he always had the threat of his own and his wife’s ill health to sap his spirits. After his break from the circle of Parisian left wing intellectuals he felt himself to be in exile and when the Algerian war of independence loomed; as a pied-noir he felt himself even more out on a limb when he refused to endorse the FLN (The Arab independence organisation). He made a lecture tour of the USA and accepted the award of the Nobel prize; he was hardly ever out of the public limelight and always it seemed found himself tied up in knots by politics.

Oliver Todd does not lose sight of the fact that it is Camus’s novels, plays, essays and journalism that is his real legacy and does well in describing his working methods, his constant re-writing, his dissatisfaction with much of his output and his contention that hard work and study got him through rather than any innate genius. Todd manages to incorporate in his narrative, reviews and comments on the novels, plays, essays and their impact on the literary world. His narrative helps the reader to get a feel for Camus thoughts and influences and Todd takes time out to explain what Camus meant by the Absurd and how it differed from Existentialism.

Albert Camus always had an eye for the ladies and was a noted seducer of women. His long lasting second marriage to Francine survived his affairs. He comes across as a man of infinite charm, who managed to juggle his women around his working life. His mistresses tended to stay with him, accepting the man for what he was, a marvellous companion with an honesty and sensibility that was tremendously appealing. In fact honesty is a character trait that exudes from these pages. I got the feeling that Camus always tried to be honest with himself and with other people. He cared deeply about humanity and although not a pacifist would not support any group that advocated violence. It was Camus stand against the horrors perpetrated by the Stalinist regime in Russia that alienated him from many of the left wing groupings in Paris.

Olivier Todd in a fine conclusion to his biography says about Camus

His enduring human warmth and goodness embarrass some thinkers. The present book is neither an expose nor a hagiography, nor is it a compendium of Camus’s good deeds. Camus could seem brusque or unpleasant, but he was more often understanding and kind. Vulnerable, he was faithful in friendship and love, despite his numerous affairs. He gave an encapsulated view of his emotional beliefs: ‘No great work… has ever been based on hatred and contempt. The true creator always reconciles people through some part of his heart and life’

Todd’s admiration for the man shines through and this is no bad thing for a biographer. I also found myself agreeing with much of what Camus said and thought and so I am eagerly looking forward to reading some Camus over the coming year. This is a very good biography and at just over 400 pages it gives a well rounded portrait of the man and his works. Unhesitatingly recommended for anyone wishing to get to know more about Albert Camus before, or while reading him. My only quibble is, that although Camus is extensively quoted there are no references or notes as to where they originate from. A minor quibble with a biography that I rate as 4.5 stars. ( )
6 vota baswood | Jan 19, 2013 |
Olivier Todd rend hommage à l'auteur de 'L' étranger' dans cette biographie éclairée par des correspondances inédites de l'écrivain et de nombreuses photos.
Le lecteur est invité à découvrir la personnalité complexe de l'auteur, souvent incompris, mais aussi la démarche artistique de ce dernier. ( )
  vdb | Jan 11, 2012 |
A solid, fair-minded and enlightening biography of Camus. I could have stood for a little more literary criticism and examination of his place in the culture at large, but otherwise I can’t complain much at all. ( )
  jddunn | Nov 13, 2010 |
Albert Camus: A Life is an uneven biography, which provides very little critical analysis of Camus' writings and philosophy, and overemphasizes his numerous affairs, marital problems, and petty squabbles with Sartre, de Beauvoir and other writers. The best parts of the book are its discussions of the creation of L'Etranger and La Peste, but most of the rest of the book was trivial and a chore to read. ( )
2 vota kidzdoc | Mar 31, 2010 |
Fairly comprehensive biography with some enlightening episodes, but continuously repeats itself, presenting ground already covered as if it were new. Poor writing or bad editing I don't know, but it's awfully annoying! ( )
  headisdead | Oct 28, 2005 |
Mostrando 5 de 5
Dieser postume Ruhm war es wohl auch, der Olivier Todd auf die Suche getrieben hat, die Hintergründe des Denksystems eines Mannes zu erfahren, der sich jeglicher Unterordnung entzieht. Doch gelingt es dem Biografen leider nicht, bis in die Tiefen des Gegenstandes seiner Betrachtung vorzudringen. Die von Camus formulierte Absurdität der Existenz, die exakte Beobachtung der Widersprüchlichkeit religiöser und politischer Lehren, die Hoffnung auf die ideale psychische und physische Freiheit des Menschen - kurz: sein Gedankengut kommt hinter der Faktensammlung leider zu kurz.
 
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Wikipedia en inglés (2)

El enorme exito que obtuvo El primer hombre (Andanzas 228), de Albert Camus, publicado en Francia nada menos que treinta y cuatro anos despues de la muerte de su autor, ha sido la prueba innegable de que, en opinion de los lectores, este sigue ocupando un lugar predominante en el Olimpo de las letras. Mucho se ha escrito sobre Camus, pero el prestigioso periodista y escritor frances Olivier Todd, que para esta ocasion se ha convertido en historiador e investigador y que se tomo cuatro largos anos revisando in situ toda clase de archivos jamas consultados b"desde Argelia hasta Moscu pasando por la correspondencia hasta ahora bajo secretob," nos demuestra que aun habia mucho que conocer del gran filosofo, novelista y dramaturgo, Premio Nobel de Literatura en 1957, ese B+hombre de la vidaB; , ese B+clasico todavia hoy peligrosoB; , como lo define el propio Todd

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